Asp.Net Webforms Charting C# Walkthrough

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VS2015 ASP.NET CHARTING COMPONENT Webforms Walk Through in C#

This page includes C# instructions for VS2015 / VS2012. Click here for VB.NET Instructions.

ProEssentials WebForm interfaces may be used to serve dynamically generated chart images (png jpg) and binary chart states (data and all settings to initialize a chart) to pass to a client side charting exe connected to the internet.


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ProEssentials' web strength is in rendering quality and robustness: Where a chart shape, size, and large annotation property set can automatically produce a quality image packed with details. Our SVG HTML5 chart rendering option is also true vector output and great for HTML5 based reporting where printed output produces razor sharp results via very small file sizes.

ActiveX rendering is an option for those wanting to provide Internet Explorer users with uncompromising desktop functionality within a webpage. If ActiveX is targeted, we recommend that you also review the standard ASP/ActiveX technical information in Chapter3 and AspReadme. This is mostly for proprietary websites needing advanced graphics and user interaction within the browser. Your implementation may also render as png if Internet Explorer is not the current browser.

You will implement server side behavior in pairs of files. One file, either .HTML or .ASPX will contain an image tag or ActiveX object tag with source attributes pointing to a secondary .ASPX page which will dynamically generate the respective binary content.

Why two webform pages? The answer is that the first webform renders as viewable ascii html and the second webform renders as non-viewable binary data. This architecture allows for scalability and efficient processing without the need for passing large amounts of viewstate information back and forth between the client and server. The first form usually contains a ProEssentials object with the RenderingType set to ImageMap or ActiveX. The second form then respectively has a ProEssentials object with the RenderingType set to BinaryImageStream or BinaryActiveXStream. The two forms work in unison to provide the complete ProEssentials implementation. See a similar pre-built example within the included ProEssentials9/PE8WebDemo directory. See example 1-4, with related files within the Walk-Through1, Walk-Through2, Walk-Through3, and Walk-Through4 folders.

The ProEssentials WebForm interfaces have a few key properties and one event which will control server-side specific functionality. These are as follows:

RenderingTypeThis property controls how this instance of the control is rendered.
Possible settings are:
- ImageMap, render as an image tag followed by an ImageMap tag.
- ActiveX, render as an ActiveX object tag.
- BinaryImageStream, render as binary data representing image data.
- BinaryActiveXStream, render as binary data representing an ActiveX binary state upon page load.
- BinaryDataStream use with client side EXE or IE LoadFromUrl to update/append real-time data from the cloud/server to the client side chart.

RenderedImageType

When RenderingType is set to BinaryImageStream, this property controls the format of the binary image data. Possible settings are SVG, PNG, and JPEG. SVG producing an HTML5 chart.
ImageUrlWhen RenderingType is set to ImageMap, this property must point to a URL identifying an .ASPX page containing a ProEssentials control with its RenderingType property set to BinaryImageStream.
When RenderingType is set to ActiveX, this property must point to a URL identifying an .ASPX page containing a ProEssentials control with its RenderingType property set to BinaryActiveXStream.
CodebaseUrlWhen RenderingType is set to ActiveX, this property may optionally be used to point to a CAB file containing the ActiveXs and DLL to support automatic installation onto the client system.

Also, there is one Event and one EventArgs which is used to implement image map support.

PeImageMapThis event is only used when the RenderingType property is set to ImageMap.
This event will be triggered (generally multiple occurrences) during the image generation process when hot spots have been enabled via properties found within the PeUserInterface.HotSpotnamespace.

ImageMapEventArgs

This object is passed to the PeImageMap event to communicate parameters with the developer.
Members include these properties:
- HotSpotType, defined as Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.HotSpotType.
- Data1, its meaning is dependent upon HotSpotType.
- Data2, its meaning is dependent upon HotSpotType.
Members also include these write only properties:
- ToolTip, optionally set to assign tool tip text to image map area.
- Href, optionally set to assign a URL to image map area.
- Attributes, optionally set to assign attributes to map area such as VBScript.

It is recommended that the namespace: Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums be included at the top of your source code files utilizing ProEssentials. In C#.NET, use the usings keyword. For example:

using Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums;

Walk-Through:

The following information demonstrates how to create your first ASP.NET / ProEssentials implementation using the C# language. It discusses using ASP.NET to serve up a dynamically generated PNG image. Also refer to the "ReadMe.htm", "AspNetReadMe.htm", and "AspReadMe.htm" files installed onto your system with the eval/product (accessible via Start menu).

Creating a new project...

1) Start Visual Studio.NET and create a new WebSite project targeting an ASP.NET Web Application using C# as our language. Accept the default name of [WebSite1].

Starting a Visual Studio asp.net charting project.

2) When the new project opens, you will be presented the design view of "Default.aspx".

If you have already installed the ProEssentials WebForm interfaces, skip to step 4.

Adding designer controls to your Toolbox...

3) Installing WebForms interfaces into Visual Studio.NET

VS2015 - VS2012 Instructions

  • Under the Tools menu, select [Choose Toolbox Items...],
  • If not selected, left click the [.NET Framework Components] tab,
  • Left click the [Browse...] button and find the file "Gigasoft.ProEssentialsWeb.dll" found in the DotNetAnyCpu subdirectory where you installed ProEssentials. By default, this should be located at "C:\ProEssentials9\DotNetAnyCpu\",
  • Select the file "Gigasoft.ProEssentialsWeb.dll" and close the [Open File] dialog,
  • The [Choose Toolbox Items] dialog should now show 6 highlighted controls: Pe3doWeb, PegoWeb, PepcoWeb, PepsoWeb, PesgoWeb, and Pedo.
  • Close the dialog and the 6 new ProEssentials components will be at the bottom of the toolbox.

.net charting component toolbar items within vs2012
Adding ProEssentials to the Form...

4) Add a new paragraph to the Default. aspx page as shown. Click the PegoWeb tool icon in palette and drag the tool to your new paragraph. The adjacent image shows what you see using VS2013.

This represents the default state of a ProEssentials Graph. The default state has one subset with four data points. In the course of constructing your own graphs, you'll set the properties PeData.Subsets and PeData.Points which define the quantity of data your graph will hold. You'll then pass data via the PeData.Y(subset, point) two dimensional property array. The following section shows example code of passing data.

ProEssentials uses the terms Subsets and Points but you can think of these as Rows and Columns. Passing data is as simple as filling each Subset with Points worth of data.

C# Chart WebForms control in Visual Studio
Adjusting design time settings...

5) Double check that the RenderingType property within the Properties window shows the default state of ImageMap. If blank, ImageMap is the default, though adding the setting will clarify the project.

Within the Properties window, change the ImageUrl property to "Default2.aspx".

Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [WebSite] and then [Add New Item...] and add a new Webform. Accept the default name of "Default2.aspx".

 

C# Asp.Net Chart property Window
Default2.aspx [Code]...

6) Double click the PegoWeb tool within the toolbox and this places an instance of the PegoWeb component within "Default2.aspx".

Within the Properties window, change the RenderingTypeproperty to BinaryImageStream.

Asp.net rendering of image as binary data to server to an image tag.

Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [View] and then [Markup].

Remove all HTML content from this page. The resulting Markup / HTML Source content should only be tags...

Asp.Net Chart ASPX Tag

NOTE: It is important the entire page looks as above. No ascii characters can be outside < > tags, not even a space character. Any ascii would corrupt the binary data being served to Default.aspx on the client. If there is mistakenly ascii, Default.aspx may show a red x instead of an image as the binary data received from server is not recognized as a bitmap.

Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [View] and then [Code].

Add the following code to the Page_Load event handler. Type a few lines manually to see examples of embedded XML help and other intellisense features.

// Simple to code = simple to implement and maintain //

PegoWeb1.PeString.MainTitle = "Hello World";
PegoWeb1.PeString.SubTitle = "";

PegoWeb1.PeData.Subsets = 2; // Subsets = Rows //
PegoWeb1.PeData.Points = 6; // Points = Columns //
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 0] = 10; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 1] = 30;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 2] = 20; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 3] = 40;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 4] = 30; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[0, 5] = 50;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 0] = 15; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 1] = 63;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 2] = 74; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 3] = 54;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 4] = 25; PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[1, 5] = 34;

PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[0] = "Jan";
PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[1] = "Feb";
PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[2] = "Mar";
PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[3] = "Apr";
PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[4] = "May";
PegoWeb1.PeString.PointLabels[5] = "June";

PegoWeb1.PeString.SubsetLabels[0] = "For .Net Framework";
PegoWeb1.PeString.SubsetLabels[1] = "or MFC, ActiveX, VCL";
PegoWeb1.PeString.YAxisLabel = "Simple Quality Rendering";

PegoWeb1.PeColor.SubsetColors[0] = Color.FromArgb(60, 0, 180, 0);
PegoWeb1.PeColor.SubsetColors[1] = Color.FromArgb(180, 0, 0, 130);

PegoWeb1.PeColor.BitmapGradientMode = false;
PegoWeb1.PeColor.QuickStyle = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.QuickStyle.LightShadow;
PegoWeb1.PeTable.Show = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.GraphPlusTable.Both;
PegoWeb1.PeData.Precision = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.DataPrecision.NoDecimals;
PegoWeb1.PeFont.Label.Bold = true;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.Method = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.GraphPlottingMethod.Bar;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.Option.GradientBars = 8;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.Option.BarGlassEffect = true;
PegoWeb1.PeLegend.Location = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.LegendLocation.Left;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.DataShadows = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.DataShadows.ThreeDimensional;
PegoWeb1.PeFont.FontSize = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.FontSize.Large;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.SubsetLineTypes[0] = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.LineType.MediumSolid;
PegoWeb1.PePlot.SubsetLineTypes[1] = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.LineType.MediumDash;

// These settings will be used for all charts //

PegoWeb1.PeConfigure.RenderEngine = Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.RenderEngine.Direct2D;
PegoWeb1.PeConfigure.AntiAliasGraphics = true;
PegoWeb1.PeConfigure.AntiAliasText = true;

Once entered, select this code and copy it to clipboard. Similar code will be used within the first webpage code too.

7) Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [Window] and then "Default.aspx"

Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [View] and then [Code]

Paste the above code into the Page_Loadevent handler for "Default.aspx". Thus both "Default.aspx.cs" and "Default2.aspx.cs" now contain similar Page_Load code.

Add one additional line of code to the "Default.aspx.cs" This line will tell the server to produce ImageMap contents so user can click a bar.

PegoWeb1.PeUserInterface.HotSpot.Data = true;

The Page_Load handler within "Default.aspx.cs" should look similar as below...

Your project code should look similar to...

C# .ASP.NET Chart code window for page load events vs2015
Adding a PeImageMap event...

8) Within Visual Studio's main menu, select [Window] and then [Default.aspx]. Left click the PegoWeb control within the form to give it the focus. Then left click the [Event] icon within the [Properties] window. Double click the PeImageMap event which opens the file "Default.aspx.cs" located at the PegoWeb1_PeImageMap event handler.

C#.NET Chart event to handle ImageMap

Add the following code to the PegoWeb1.PeImageMap event handler.

if (e.HotSpotType == Gigasoft.ProEssentials.Enums.HotSpotType.DataPoint)
{
  e.ToolTip = "Point " + e.Data2.ToString() +
    " with a value of " + PegoWeb1.PeData.Y[e.Data1, e.Data2].ToString();
}


Serving up the PNG!!!

9) Save and run the project. Your project will show an image as follows. Move the mouse over a bar and click to see the DataHotSpot / PeImageMap logic in action.

You'll notice that nearly identical code was required for "Default.aspx. cs" and "Default2.aspx.cs" except for the hot spot code which triggers the PeImageMap event. Anytime you develop with image maps, you will need to have similar initialization code for both forms. Also, the control size on both forms must be set to the same size.

If you do not wish to support image maps, ignore the PeUserInterface.HotSpot and the PeImageMap event handler code. If not using image maps, you will only need code within "Default2.aspx.cs" and one would actually replace Default.aspx's instance of a ProEssentials asp.net control with a simple generic html image tag.

This completes this walkthrough.

Please read the remaining sections within Chapter 2 and review the demo code and documentation that's installed with the eval/product.

Once installed, the demo program can be accessed via shortcut...

Start / ProEssentials v9 / PeDemo

Note that our main charting demo is replicated in WPF and Winform C#.NET,  VB.NET, VC++ MFC, Delphi, Builder all accessible from where you installed ProEssentials.   These are great for modifying an existing demo to test potential modifications before implementing within your applications.

C# Asp.Net example chart within your browser!

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